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《装卸时间与滞期费》第3章-装卸时间的起算-连载56

《装卸时间与滞期费》第6版 CHAPTER 3 第3章 Commencement of laytime 装卸时间的起算 3.392 The other judgment to consider the matter was that of Buckley LJ, who said: In the case of a berth charter the ship does not reach her destination until she is berthed. In the case of such a charter the insertion of the words ‘‘whether in berth or not’’ makes lay days run from a time when the ship has not yet berthed. Whether it is right to say that the effect of the insertion in such a case is to make the operation of the charter the same as a port charter, so that the ship should be treated as ‘‘arrived’’ although she has not berthed, or whether the insertion merely advances the time from which lay days run notwithstanding that the ship may not technically have arrived, perhaps does not much matter. The latter seems to me to be probably the more correct view. The purpose of inserting the same words in a port charter is likely to be more obscure, because in such a case the commencement of lay days will not normally depend on whether the ship has berthed or not. 3.392对这个问题的讨论,在Buckley大法官做出判决词中说: 在泊位租船合同下,qy888千亿国际只有靠泊才算抵达其目的地。在这样的租船合同中加入‘不论靠泊与否’这些词语会使装卸时间从qy888千亿国际还未靠泊时就可以起算。是否可以正确的说,在这样的情况下这个插入语的效果会使该租船合同变得如同港口租船合同一样,以至于,尽管qy888千亿国际当时尚未靠泊,她一样可以被视为已经‘抵达船’,或者,这种插入语仅仅提前起算装卸时间,而不管她技术上是否已抵达,也许这已不太重要了。后一种说法依我看来似乎是比较正确的观点。在港口租船合同中插入这些词语的目的可能比较模糊,因为在这种情况下,装卸时间的起算通常并不受qy888千亿国际是否靠泊的影响(而受‘抵达船’的定义影响)。 3.393 Lord Diplock also took a similar view in The Maratha Envoy, where he said: The effect of this well-known phrase in berth charters has been settled for more than half a century. Under it time starts to run when the vessel is waiting within the named port of destination for a berth there to become vacant. In effect it makes the Reid test applicable to a berth charter. It has no effect in a port charter; the Reid test is applicable anyway. 3.393在The Maratha Envoy案,Diplock勋爵也持有类似的观点,他说: 在泊位租船合同中,这一众所周知的短语的作用已经被确立半个多世纪。根据这一短语,当qy888千亿国际在指定的目的港内等待一个空泊位时,装卸时间就可以开始起算。事实上,它使得Reid准则也适用于泊位租船合同。但在港口租船合同中它并不起作用;无论如何,雷德准则(抵达船)还是适用的。
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魏长庚
魏船长自2000年开始,有16年海上qy888千亿国际qy888经验,先后在7条远洋货轮担任船长,凭借丰富的qy888实践经验,魏船长非常熟悉qy888千亿国际的运营操作,在qy888千亿国际操纵、货物装载与管理等方面有着丰富的实践经验。 近年来致力海商法的翻译工作,包括“劳氏法律文库”推荐,Informa出版的Bills of Lading(提单)、Time Charter(期租合同)、Marine Letter of Indemnify(海运保函)等书籍,和他人合作翻译《qy888千亿国际建造》。 专业著作:中英文版《qy888千亿国际买卖》第六版、《装卸时间与滞期费》

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